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John Paul II

John Paul II, Karol Jozef Wojtyla (May 18, 1920 - 2 Apr 2005), Pope from 1978

The later to become pope was born in Wadowice, a small town near Krakow, Podkarpackie. His parents, Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska, were married in 1904. His father was a career NCO in the Austrian army, arrived in the Polish army as captain. Both parents descended from modest families and rural artisans had little education. When Charles (nicknamed Lolek) was 9 years old, his mother died. Three years later he died, his elder by 14 years, brother Edmund, who was a doctor.

As a child Lolek played football and went skiing and with his father made many trips. Perceived him as athletic and talented boy. In 1930, he enrolled in the 8 - year National High School Male to them. Martin Wadowity in Wadowice. Already in this century as mentioned by Charles distinguished local catechists fervent belief in this period also began to Lolek ministranckiego wheels. In high school Karol Wojtyla became interested in literature, especially theater and performed in drama productions, made up of junior high students wadowickich.

After graduation, a remote aiming to evaluate in 1938 Karol Wojtyla began to study Polish philology at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, where he moved with his father. During the German occupation he worked among others physically the Solvay plant in Krakow. In 1941, Karol Wojtyla's father died. During this period, the future pope was also an actor poetic underground Rhapsodic Theatre.

In 1942, Karol Wojtyla entered the clandestine seminary. After four years of formation. November 1, 1946, Cardinal Adam Sapieha ordained a priest Karol Wojtyla, then immediately was sent to the two-year study at the International Pontifical Athenaeum Angelicum in Rome. In 1948, the future pope at the Jagiellonian University received a doctorate in theology with a dissertation on the understanding of the faith by Saint. John of the Cross. Then, by less than a year was a vicar and a catechist in the village Niegowić. After the Vicariate of Niegowic Wojtyla was entrusted with the task of organizing academic pastoral in Krakow. From the resulting environment, then Karol Wojtyla took a permanent position. Connecting with the pastoral care of tourism and sport at that time was a novelty.

In 1954, Karol Wojtyla has been assistant professor at the Jagiellonian University on the basis of the hearing to investigate the possibility of building a Christian ethics with a philosophical system of Max Scheler. After likiwdiacji by the communist government of the theological faculty of Jagiellonian University, began to lecture at the Catholic University of Lublin. . From 1956-1978 he was the chair of ethics at the Philosophy Department. And in the next year he was Auxiliary Bishop of Krakow. Since 1962 it temporarily manage, and in 1963 was by Pope Paul VI appointed the Ordinary, Archbishop of Krakow.

In the years 1962 - 1952 he took an active part in the deliberations of the Second Vatican Council. He was, inter alia, in matters of religious freedom and the role of the laity. In 1967 he was appointed cardinal. As Prince of the Church of Rome Wojtyla took part in the synods of bishops and maintain international contacts. He also include pastoral care of families and academic oazowym traffic, but also the convening of the synod: the metropolitan archbishop diocese and archdiocese and the reform of the curia. He was Vice-President of the Polish Episcopal Conference.

At convened after the death of John Paul I, the second conclave in 1978 Karol Wojtyla was elected pope and took the name John Paul II. Result of the selection was announced on Oct. 16 about 16:16. Aroused a great sensation that the pope has been elected the cardinal from the country under Communist rule.

John Paul II has raised rapidly throughout the world, very sympathetic, but also hostility, leading to a coup, carried out on 13 May 1981 in St. Peter's in Rome by the Turk Ali Agcę.

In so doing, John Paul II, one can see a few basic directions. The pope sought to members of the Christian renewal of the Catholic Church among others through the implementation and development of guidance to the Second Vatican Council, but also through their own enterprising eg the World Youth Days. John Paul II also addressed himself to other faiths and religions, by participating in ecumenical and interreligious dialogue. It's his initiative in 1986 was held in Assisi World Day of Prayer for Peace (1986), which was attended by representatives of many religions. The Pope also mentioned the importance of culture for human rights and urged the Church to your interest in this form of preaching the faith. Do not ignore the Pope's relations with the international environment. John Paul II has repeatedly pointed to the moral hazard for the world, such as contempt for human life, the crisis of family values, unjust political and economic systems, secularization and materialization of life. The diplomatic activity has taken a number of efforts for peace in the world, the mitigation of autocratic rule and building an agreement with country authorities.

John Paul II during his pontificate, he wrote and announced several encyclicals: 1979 Redemptor Hominis (Redeemer of man, Christ), 1980 Dives in Misericordia (mercy), 1981 Laborem Exercens (the dignity of human labor), 1985 Slavorum Apostoli (Cyril and Methodius, the apostles of the Slavs) ; 1986 Dominum et Vivificantem (Holy Spirit); 1987 Redemptoris Mater (Mary, Mother of God), 1987 Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (social problems); 1990 Redemptoris Missio (missionary work); 1991 Centesimus Annus (device just and free society), 1993 Veritatis Splendor (the existence of truth and moral law); 1995 Evangelium Vitae (the defense of human life, including children conceived), 1995 Ut unum sint "(ecumenism, focusing on relations with the Orthodox Church); 1998 Fides et Ratio (Faith and Reason), 2003 Ecclesia de Eucharistia (Sacrament of the Eucharist in the life of the Church)

Forever pontificate of Pope - Pole will be perceived as the most abundant in the pilgrimage. Travel abroad, which John Paul II was always more than 115 gathered crowds, thereby reviving and integrating the Catholic religion a particular community. For the Pope's trips were great and the possibility of proclaiming the Gospel.

Last trip witch took John Paul II, was being tracked with great tension throughout the world. Pope to leave the Father's House in March and April 2005, touched many people, regardless of religion, origin or relationship to the Pope's teachings ... John Paul II died on 2 April 2005, in the chair. 21.37 .*


* Source: www.czuwamy.org.pl. Biography written based on the Encyclopedia KNOW. Edition 2007


To learn more about the life and pontificate of John Paul II, is worth a visit to:

* G. Weigel, Witness to Hope, Krakow 2000;
* A. Boniecki, calendar life of Karol Wojtyla, Krakow 2000;
* R. Buttiglione, Karol Wojtyla's thought, Lublin 1996;
* M. Zieba, extraordinary pontificate, Kraków 1997.

It is also worth checking out:

* Http://www.opoka.org.pl/zycie_kosciola/jan_pawel_ii/
* Www.centrumjp2.pl

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